Gulgong’s niche in the nation’s history was capped when its streetscape and the image of its most celebrated son, Henry Lawson, appeared on Australia’s first $10 note in 1966.
The poet and short story writer spent part of his childhood in the town when his family joined the rush after gold was discovered at Red Hill in 1871. The Henry Lawson Centre has the largest collection of material relating him and his work outside Sydney’s Mitchell Library.
Gulgong is a charming heritage town with narrow streets and clapboard and iron-laced buildings. These, together with the surviving horse troughs and hitching rails present the very model of a a 19th century gold-mining town.
The grape has long since replaced gold as the regional currency and the district’s output of table wine, especially shiraz, now rivals the production of the Barossa and the Hunter Valley.
Modern Gulgong, which lies 28km north of Mudgee, is home to more than 2,000 people and the town is a major service centre for coal and other mining interests, millers, winemakers and other agricultural producers.