Mathoura, the old NSW timber town near the Victorian border, 35km south of Deniliquin, is home to the largest red gum forests in the southern hemisphere. Sleepers cut from the Mathoura Forest, in fact, anchor tens of thousands of kilometres of Australian railway lines, while red gum fence posts and stumps support endless stretches of farm fences and has countless homesteads. Mathoura boasts a major bird observatory and is the starting point for many forest drives and walks and twitching expeditions. Here you get the chance to see how they used to cut and mill timber in the old days, and to compare those methods with modern logging technology. There are attractive camping and picnicking areas, bush walking trails and freshwater fishing for the anglers. Within the forest you will also find the Cadell Tilt, the name given to a 12m ridge formed in prehistoric times by movement on a north-south fault line. The ridge forms a natural groyne which divides the Murray. The minor stretch of the divided waterway has become the Edward River.