The largest town on the Tasman Peninsula, Nubeena lies at the head of Wedge Bay on the western flank of what is virtually an island guarding the eastern entrance to Storm Bay. Nubeena, the Aboriginal word for crayfish, is just a 10-minute drive from the historic Port Arthur penal settlement. It was originally established as a Port Arthur outstation. The town, which is almost exclusively set on the main road leading to the sea and is completely devoid of a conventional shopping centre, is a favourite destination for surfers, drawn by the consistently good and challenging waves at Roaring Beach and White Beach, which is also a popular swimming and fishing spot. Roaring Beach is backed by a coastal reserve which offers spectacular views over Storm Bay. Coal was once mined in the north-west of the peninsula and the ruins of the soldiers barracks and the quarters, which housed the convict workers who mined the deposits, can be found at Saltwater River north of Nubeena.