One of the best preserved and restored 19th century towns in Australia, York was first surveyed by Ensign Robert Dale in 1831 and named after the city of York in northern England.
The first settlers arrived soon after and included such well known Western Australian identities as Rivett Henry Bland and the Reverend J. B. Wittenoom. The first settlers were farmers who concentrated their efforts on sheep and wheat with the occasional field of barley.
Today, York's stock of old buildings are testament to a distinguished heritage. Have a look at the painstakingly restored old gaol, courthouse and police station, the Residency Museum, built between 1842 and 1859, and Holy Trinity Church, just for a start.
In the Avon River Valley, about 97km north-east of Perth, York is a festival town as much as it is a service centre for surrounding farms and hosts a highly regarded, annual jazz festival in September-October. The town also has Australia’s very best collection of old cars in its Motor Museum.